|express||54.5 kB||MIT||12 Years||8 Oct 2022|
|path-to-regexp||15.45 kB||MIT||11 Years||6 May 2022|
|cors||6.03 kB||MIT||10 Years||4 Nov 2018|
|morgan||9.37 kB||MIT||9 Years||20 Mar 2020|
|http-proxy-middleware||18.14 kB||MIT||8 Years||20 Apr 2022|
|multer||9.02 kB||MIT||9 Years||30 May 2022|
|passport||42.39 kB||MIT||12 Years||20 May 2022|
|pm2||208.62 kB||AGPL-3.0||10 Years||15 Mar 2023|
|serve-favicon||6.67 kB||MIT||9 Years||29 Mar 2018|
|helmet||21.44 kB||MIT||11 Years||6 May 2023|
|express-validator||33.42 kB||MIT||12 Years||16 Apr 2023|
|webpack-hot-middleware||11.03 kB||MIT||8 Years||20 Jun 2023|
|express-rate-limit||28.61 kB||MIT||8 Years||16 Sep 2023|
|cookie-session||7.46 kB||MIT||9 Years||16 Dec 2021|
|connect-redis||9.03 kB||MIT||12 Years||11 May 2023|
Express.js, usually referred to simply as Express, is a highly flexible and minimalist web application framework for Node.js. Its simplicity, speed, and versatility have made it the de facto standard for Node web servers. Express libraries are especially useful in the following scenarios:
Building APIs: Due to their minimal and flexible nature, Express libraries serve as a solid foundation for HTTP API. They are the backbone of most RESTful APIs built on Node.js.
Templating: Express supports various templating engines, which can be used to generate dynamic HTML content.
Routing: The Express Router helps in routing requests to the appropriate handlers.
Though Express itself is built for Node.js, its capabilities can be extended with additional packages from npm (Node Package Manager).
Express Libraries typically have a broad range of functionalities that make building web applications easier:
Middleware: Middleware functions are used to perform operations on the request and response objects. Express has a robust middleware implementation.
Routing: Express provides a routing API, allowing developers to define complex routing logic with minimal code.
Error Handling: Express has a built-in error handling mechanism.
Template engines: Template engines in Express help to dynamically render HTML pages based on passing arguments to templates.
Body Parsing: Express can parse incoming request bodies. This is especially helpful when working with POST requests which include data.
Though Express is highly versatile and user-friendly, there are certain pitfalls and potential issues to keep in mind:
Callback Hell: Without proper design, Express apps can slide into 'callback hell' due to asynchronous operations. This can be mitigated by using Promises or async/await.
Error Handling: Express does not explicitly handle rejected promises. Therefore, always add catch blocks in promise chains.
Blocking the Event Loop: Avoid synchronous operations in Express, as they can block the event loop and degrade performance.
Handling async errors: Express (< 5.0 version) does not handle asynchronous errors by default. You need to pass them to the next middleware manually.
Unsanitized user input: Express does not sanitize user input by default. When building applications with Express, ensure you're manually sanitizing user input to prevent attacks like SQL Injection and Cross-Site Scripting (XSS).
Rate Limiting: Express itself does not have any built-in rate-limiting functionality, which could potentially expose your application to Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. Limiting may have to be implemented manually or using external libraries.
Remember, each project's specific requirements will determine the right choice of additional npm libraries to accompany Express, but caution should be taken to review these libraries for performance, security, and maintenance/support issues before integration.